Exposed by the association Zero Waste in May 2017, fast food waste tends to increase and fast food chains only begrudgingly deal with it.
However, since 1 July 2016, by a decree (“5 flux” decree) that transposes the EU waste directive, they have been obliged to separate their plastic, metal, paper, glass and wood waste, as well as their bio-waste in the kitchen and the dining room.
This obligation currently applies to the production of all bio-waste that surpasses 10 tonnes per year, and from 2024 onwards.
In a letter sent on May 22, Secretary of State Brune Poirson requested the following companies to swiftly enforce the law: McDonalds, KFC, Burger King, Starbucks, Domino’s Pizza, Subway, Class’Croute, Exki, Monts Fournil La Mie Caline, La Croissanterie, La Brioche Dorée, Paul, Jour Santéy Groupe, Five guys and Cojean.
Seventy percent of the restaurants that belong to these 15 chains will have to comply with the law by the end of 2019, 90% by the end of 2020 and 100% by the end of 2021.
These chains have to submit their strategy by 7 June. According to the Ecological Transition ministry, the measures currently taken are insufficient because no generalised sorting system is planned within the next three years. For example, only the company Pomme de Pain has sent a plan for sorting bio-waste on location.
At the end of January, the secretary of state to the minister for the ecological and inclusive transition asked companies to present an action plan for sorting waste in accordance with their obligations, within two months.
At the start of April, Secretary of State Brune Poirson had already noticed that not all the chains had gotten back to her. Domino’s Pizza, Exki, Subway and Five Guys refrained from responding.
According to the regulations, failure to comply with the “5 flux” decree may result in administrative sanctions that could even involve closures of restaurants. Failure to sort organic waste at the source could even lead to a two-year prison sentence and a €75,000 fine.